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Parkinson's Disease

What is Parkinson's disease? What are the symtoms?
This is a disease which occurs due to the deficiency of a chemical called 'Dopamine'. It starts with a mild tremor, severe muscle stiffness, movement problems and mental impairment.
The tremors which start in the hands may later involve facial and tongue muscles and the legs. It becomes worse with movements. During sleep the trembling disappears completely. If the person is tensed or stressed, the tremor becomes worse.
The muscle stiffness may cause a stooped flexed posture. The spasm often causes a fixed expression in the face with staring eyes and infrequent blinking.
When the patient walks, a hurrying gait occurs spontaneously. The quality of speech maybe affected, because the muscles are stiff and uncoordianated.
Mental depression, irritability and a loss of will to do things are common.
Heat intolerence and excessive sweating may occur.
What are the common problems faced by people with Parkinson's?
Falls are frequent.
Walking maybe difficult
There maybe difficulty in performing daily activities like drinking, washing, dressing etc.
Due to these difficulties they may restrict themselves to the bed
How do we manage Parkinson's disease?
Though there is no true cure for Parkinson's, medicines are now available which control the symtoms if treatment is started early and continued regularly. Sufficient calories, fluids and roughage should be included in the diet. Physiotherapy is required. Heat and massage are soothing to the stiff and painful muscles.
Stress and tension should be avoided.
Is there any particular advice about mobility?
A person with Parkinson's needs good advice from a physiotherapist due to the stiffness and rigidity of the muscles. For eg. while getting up from bed one could follow this pattern.
Get up from bed by bending the knees up and turning the top half of the body. The lower half will follow.
Place the feet at the edge of the bed and come to a sitting position, slowly.
While in sitting posture one should lean forward to bring the body weight over the feet and then stand up.







Exercise is very important  for the elderly with Parkinson's

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Tips on walking & how to prevent falls





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