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The elderly experience dryness and an irritating sensation in the eye. Is this normal to old age?
In old age there is a reduction in the secretion of tears which play an important role in the protection of the eyes. Each time we blink, the eyelids wash the eye with the tears secreated. Tears act as a lubricant and keep the eyes clean and moist. To prevent drying, one should frequently wash the eyes with clean cold water.
What is Presbyopia?
Presbyopia is a condition where reading and other work needing close attention of the eye becomes difficult. It normally commences from the age of 40 onwards. Periodical eye check-up and use of clinically prescribed spectacles can improve vision.
What is Cataract?
In the normal eye the lens is clear and allows the normal passage of light. But when Cataract develops, the lens becomes cloudy and prevents light from entering the eye. The person who has cataract cannot see objects at a distance and vision could be hazy. If left untreated, the cataract enlarges and the power of vision gradually reduces.
What is the treatment for Cataract?
If Cataract is detected early some improvement is vision can be achieved by wearing glasses. But this vision can only be temporary. The person may eventually need surgery.
What are the types of Cataract surgery?
There are 2 types of surgery for Cataract.
1. Conventional type of surgery where the eye lens is removed and the patient is advised to wear spectacles with thick lenses after 6 weeks.
2. Intra-Ocular Lens -(I.O.L) Surgery where an artificial lens is placed from where the natural lens was removed.
Conventional Cataract Surgery I.O.L Cataract surgery.
Surgery can be performed by all Ophthalmologists

Simple instruments are sufficient

Normal vision is  possible if the patient wears glasses 4-6 weeks after surgery.

The spectacles are thick, heavy and cause discomfort.

Size of the image will be enlarged. Field of vision will be reduced.

Surgery can be performed only by trained specialists.

Precision instruments are needed

Normal vision will be restored in 7 days following surgery.

No such problem as spectacles are not needed

No such alteration.


What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a condition caused by excessive pressure within the eye. Elders are more susceptible to it.
What are the symptoms of Glaucoma?
Loss of eyesight and severe pain in the eyes are the main symtoms, but the disorder may progress slowly without any symtoms, except a gradual loss of vision. That is why it is important that elders should have their eyes tested at least once a year.
What is the treatment of Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is mostly treated by medicines to reduce the pressure within the eyeball. Sometimes surgery may be needed.
What is Diabetic Retinopathy?
Click here to know more about Retinopathy
What are the preventive measures one can take to minimise eye-problems?
Proper vision ensures better quality of life. Most problems relating to the eye are either preventable or treatable and old people should not accept failing sight as part of becoming old. The following points are important..
  • Yearly check-up of the eyes.
  • Sufficient light while reading and writing.
  • Avoid watching television constantly.
  • Avoid looking directly at the sun.
  • Avoid self-medication (especially eye-drops) for eye problems.
  • Once glasses are prescribed they should be used constantly







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Eye-Donation - A Noble cause

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Regular eye check-up is very essential especially for the diabetic.

A web-site to learn more about Cataract

Info site on  Blindness & Low Vision

Eye-Care for Seniors from "All about Vision"

A Unique Eye Chart Test on-line


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